SOME REMARKS ON ORDER IN FELIKS KONECZNY’S HISTORIOSOPHY AND STANISŁAW OSSOWSKI’S CONCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL ORDER
In the works of Feliks Koneczny, the word “order” is present in a variety of contexts. The author mentions, for example, the order in the tri-law (trójprawo), meaning the lack of conflict in the civilization between marriage law, property law and inheritance law. Similarly, order manifests itself in the absence of contradictions between the five categories of human existence, that is, good, truth, health, well-being and beauty. Each civilization is also characterized by an adequate juxtaposition of the basic concepts, which are arranged in opposite pairs. For a civilization to be characterized by a commensurability (therefore, some sort of order), there may only be specific concepts, the ones which in a given pair appear in the same — the first or second — place. The opposing pairs of basic concepts are: personalism–gregariousness, aposteriorism–apriorism, organism–mechanism, legal dualism–legal monism. Ossowski, in turn, distinguishes three concepts of social order: the order of collective representations, polycentric order and monocentric order. Collective representations are based on the mechanical solidarity, which does not coincide with the mechanism within the meaning of Koneczny. The organism as defined by Koneczny largely corresponds to the polycentric order by Ossowski. The monocentric order within the meaning of Ossowski, in turn, to a large extent approaches the legal monism by Koneczny.