Konstytuowanie bezpieczeństwa w późnonowoczesnym porządku społecznym. Rama koncepcyjna i ilustracja empiryczna

  1. Bogdan W. Mach
  2. Aleksander Manterys
  3. Andrzej Szpociński

Abstract

 

BUILDING NATIONAL SECURITY UNDER LATE MODERNITY. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND EMPIRICAL ILLUSTRATION

The authors’ considerations decidedly exceed the relatively narrow understanding of security in securitological, military or political terms. We argue that the systemic nature of security in complex societies implies a necessity to exceed the one-dimensional understanding of its issues. Following this directive, we isolate three pivotal dimensions of societal security: (1) military-geopolitical, (2) sociocultural-economic and (3) socio-psychological to trace mechanisms and processes governing them and describe ways of their coordination. The paper is twofold in its character: firstly, it is a kind of position paper, or exposition of some perspective to perceive security of contemporary societies, and secondly, it is an empirical illustration of some aspects of societal security in the case of Poland, especially changes in historical canon and, conditioned by them, changes in Polish patriotism. A systemic and multidimensional nature of the process of achieving state of security within contemporary societies requires an approach in which conceptual analyses and practical activities are simultaneously directed at three co-dependent dimensions of security: military-geopolitical, sociocultural-economic and socio-psychological. With reference to Polish society, the approach makes it possible to ask whether subsequent phases (Hegelian moments) of post-communist transformation succeeded in bringing about civilizational change — constitution and stabilization of a new effective confi guration of these three dimensions. The authors contend that (1) in the domain of military-geopolitical security the North-Atlantic and European solidarity has not been realized and verifi ed; (2) in the domain of sociocultural-economic security even the good condition of Polish economy, supported by European funds, has not generated conditions to develop an inclusive society; and (3) in the socio-psychological domain attitudes of passivity, apathy, disembediment — which results in the lack of sense of agency in many relevant aspects of social life, which leads to a decrease in the level of subjective security of individuals. The important correlates of these tendencies are changes in the Polish canon of historical culture. Homogeneity of social memory ceases to be the base of patriotism, replaced by intensiveness of contacts and bonds constituted through participation in widely conceived spectacles and happenings.

 

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Socjologia LXII. Grupy dyspozycyjne w systemie współpracy transgranicznej na rzecz bezpieczeństwa

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